There are two types of traffic citations: Criminal traffic citations and civil infraction citations.
1. Criminal Traffic Citations
A Criminal traffic offense is a more serious offense, like Reckless Driving, Driving Under the Influence (DUI), or Driving on a Suspended License. These cases are heard in the Criminal Division of the Court and may be punishable with jail time. In any criminal case where you may face jail time you have a right to an attorney. If you can't afford one, the Court will appoint one to you.
2. Civil Infraction Traffic Citations
A civil infraction is a minor offense that is usually punishable with a fine, traffic school, or community service. It is not punishable by jail time. Civil infractions are separated into 2 categories: Moving violations and Non-moving violations. Moving violations occur when a traffic law is violated by a vehicle in movement. Points are assigned on these types of citations. If found guilty, the points are assessed to your license. Non-moving violations occur when a traffic law is violated by a vehicle not in motion. These types of violations do not carry points.
Examples of moving violations:
- Improper change of lane
- Careless driving
- Running a red light
Examples of non-moving violations:
- Driving without proof of insurance for your vehicle
- Car registration or driver’s license violations
- Having broken equipment that needs repair
- Seatbelt violations